Semester 1 (A)
Module 1: What is Biology?
This module provides an introduction to scientific investigations, methods, observations, and communication while focusing on the principals and characteristics of living things. Student identifies the importance and goals of science through scientific methods, observations, investigations and communications. Scientific theory and scientific investigations will be explained to determine their differences.
Science and the Natural World:
Biology: The Study of Life:
Module 2: The Chemistry of Life
This module forms a correlation to chemistry and biology, the chemically balance components of living things. Students will identify the importance of elements and compounds and state the role of the chemical reactions and explain the importance of enzymes in living organisms. Students will recognize acids, bases, and pH. Students will evaluate the importance of water, water's structure and properties, water's distribution on Earth.
Matter and Organic Compounds:
Water, Acids, and Bases:
Module 3: Cellular Structure and Function
This module will introduce the importance of cell structure and function. Students will compare and contrast prokaryotic, eukaryotic, plant and animals cells. Structure and functions are important for various parts of the cells. The students will understand that the structure and functions determine the roles of several cell parts. Cell parts have an organized job that students will have to identify. In this unit, students will explain how DNA, RNA, protein, cell transport, and homeostasis have important factors that cells need to function and move.
Introduction of Cells:
Cell Transport and Homeostasis:
Module 4: Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
This module examines the stages of photosynthesis, light reactions, the Calvin cycle, cellular respiration, glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, the electron transport chain. Students will outline how living things make and use food and why living things need energy. Students will document the three stages of cellular respiration and describe important parts, roles, and products.
Energy for Life:
Photosynthesis: Sugar for Food:
Powering the Cell: Cellular Respiration:
Module 5: The Cell Cycle, Mitosis, and Meiosis
This module continues with in depth content about the division of cells. The students will be introduced to cell division of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and provide a contrast between the two cells. The students will identify the phases of the two diverse cells, explain how the cell cycles are controlled and define different types of cancerous cells and how they relate to all cell cycles. Mitosis and Meiosis are types of cell divisions. These two cell cycles will be identified, compared, and contrast while determining the role and importance of chromosomes during cell divisions. Students will be assessed based on the cell structure, function, and phases of the mitosis and meiosis.
Cell Division and the Cell Cycle:
Chromosomes and Mitosis:
Reproduction and Meosis:
Module 6: Gregor Mendel and Genetics
This module includes Mendelian genetics, inheritance, and probability, dominant, recessive, and sex-linked traits. The students will explain why and how Mendel studies pea plants. The students will express the results of Mendel's experiments. Students will state Mendel's laws of segregation and independent assortment. Students will identify the genetics of inheritance. Students will define probability and relate probability to inheritance. Students will model the Punnett square and interpreted results of Mendel's results. Students will identify the complex patterns of inheritance.
Module 7: Molecular Genetics: From DNA to Proteins
This module covers DNA, RNA, protein synthesis, mutation, and regulation of gene expression. Students will recognize the central dogma of molecular biology. The students will state the discoveries that led to knowledge of DNA and RNA structure and function and processes.
DNA and RNA:
Regulation of Gene Expression:
Module 8: Human Genetics and Biotechnology
This module covers the human genome and genetic diseases/disorders, including autosomal vs. sex-linked inheritance patterns, DNA technology, The Human Genome Project, and gene cloning. Students will generalize inheritance in humans for autosomal and X-linked traits. Students will confirm gene cloning and the polymerase chain reaction. Students will model how DNA technology is applied in medicine and agriculture. Students will critique some of the ethical, legal, and social issues raised by biotechnology.
Human Chromosomes and Genes:
Module 9: Life: From the First Organism Onward
This module introduces the Evolution of Life, macroevolution, mass extinctions, episodic speciation, and responses to environmental and geographic changes, Linnaean and phylogenetic classification. Students will state how scientists learn about the history of life on Earth. Students will illustrate how and when planet Earth formed. Students will explain how the first organic molecules arose and describe the characteristics of the first cells. Students will infer how eukaryotes are thought to have evolved. Students will categorized the difference evolutionary events of the Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras. Students will research the Linnaean classification and binomial nomenclature. The students will research phylogenetic classification and explain how it differ from Linnaean classification.
Earth Forms and Life Begins:
The Evolution of Multicellular Life:
Module 10: The Theory of Evolution
This module covers Darwin's Theory of Evolution, the common ancestry of all life and natural selection, including fossils, comparative anatomy and embryology, molecular biology, and biogeography. Students will identify influences on Darwin's development of evolutionary theory. The explanation of how species evolve through natural Students will differ between microevolution and macroevolution. Students will define gene pool and explain how to calculate allele frequencies. In this unit, the Hardy-Weinberg theory will be stated and the four forces of evolution will be identified.
Darwin and the Theory of Evolution:
Evidence for Evolution:
Microevolution and the Genetics of Populations:
Macroevolution and the Origin of Species
Semester 2 (B)
Module 1: The Principles of Ecology
This module covers ecology and its relationship to energy, ecosystems, and the water, carbon, and nitrogen cycles. Students will distinguish between abiotic and biotic factors. Students will model how energy flows through ecosystems and explain how food chains and webs model feeding relationships. Students examine biogeochemical cycles, water cycles, carbon cycles, and nitrogen cycles. In this unit terrestrial biomes and aquatic biomes will be identified.
The Science of Ecology:
Module 2: Communities and Populations
This module covers communities as part of biotic ecosystems, populations: size, density, dispersion, and growth, biodiversity, natural resources, and climate change and all interactions within the community. In this unit the relationship between human actions to the sixth mass extinction will be documented. This unit distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable resources and describes threats to soil and water resources. The students will recognize the causes and effects of air pollution and explain global climate change. Teacher will provide students with multiple choice assessment for the different concepts of the community and population unit.
Characteristics of Populations:
Human Population Growth:
The Biodiversity Crisis
Natural Resources and Climate Change
Module 3: Microorganisms: Prokaryotes and Viruses
This module serves as an introduction to the specifics of prokaryotes and viruses, as well as the interactions between bacteria and other organisms. This unit covers classification and evolution of prokaryotes. The students will diagram the structure of prokaryotes and list different types of metabolism found in prokaryotes. Students will describe the range of prokaryotic habits and explain how prokaryotic reproduce. In this unit the importance of bacteria and human relationship is documented. The students will sketch the structure of viruses and research the discovery and origin of viruses and how the replicate. This unit will explain how viruses cause human disease and how it can be controlled. The unit will reflect on research and medicine.
Module 4: Eukaryotes: Protists and Fungi
This unit serves as an introduction to the Kingdom Protista, the three types of protists: animal-like, plant-like, and fungus-like protists, and the classification and ecology of fungi. This unit will describe the protist kingdom, evolution, and characteristics of protist. The students will paraphrase the three different types of protists, animal-like, plant-like and fungus-like. This unit will cover several aspects of fungi. The students will determine what fungi are and their habitats. The students will document the structure and t reproduction of fungi. This unit will summarize the evolution and classification of fungi. The roles of fungi as decomposers, symbiotic relationships and human uses of fungi will be documented during this unit. Students will explain protists cause human disease and state three ways fungi can make humans sick.
Introduction to Protists:
Types of Protists:
Introduction ot Fungi:
Ecology of Fungi:
Protists, Fungi, and Human Disease
Module 5: Plant Evolution and Classification
This module is an introduction to the plant kingdom and covers the four categories of plants: nonvascular plants, vascular plants, seed plants, and flowering plants. This unit identify traits of plains. The students will recognize the importance of plants. The students will generalize the plant life cycle. The students will interpret the major events in plant evolution and show how plants are classified. This unit will describe modern nonvascular plants. The students will discover the living vascular plants, classification and evolution of seed plants. This unit investigates the adaptation and evolution of flowing plants.
Introduction to the Plant Kingdom:
Four Types of Modern Plants:
Module 6: Plant Biology
In this module, students will recognize plant cell structures and list types of plant cells. They will state the similarities and differences for different types of plant tissues and explain how plants grow. This unit also outlines the structure, function, and growth of roots. The students will express stem diversity and how stems function and grow. Leaf variation and how leaves make food and change seasonally will be explained in this unit. The students will restate the general plant life cycle, nonvascular, seedless vascular, gymnosperm and angiosperm life cycles. Students will define how plants have adapted to diversity of environments and provide evidence of types of plant responses to environmental stimuli.
Plant Tissues and Growth:
Plant Organs" Roots, Stems, and Leaves:
Variation in Plant Life Cycles:
Plant Adaptations and Responses:
Module 7: Introduction to Animals
In this module, students will identify the characteristics that all animals share. The students will review the major trends in animal evolution and animal classification. Additionally, general characteristics of invertebrates, major events in invertebrate evolution, and invertebrate classification will be described.
Overview of Animals:
Overview of Invertebrates:
Module 8: From Sponges to Invertebrate Chordates to Fish and Birds
This module provides an overview of sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, and roundworms, discussing structure, function, reproduction, and ecology. The students will label invertebrates in the phylum Porifera, cnidarians, Platyhelminthes and nematode invertebrates. The students will categorize the invertebrates in the phylum Mollusca, Arthropoda, and echinoderms. The students will explain annelids, characteristics and importance of insects and the two subphyla of invertebrate chordates. This unit also examines vertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, birds and fishes covering their characteristics, classification, evolution, structure, function and reproduction.
Sponges, Cnidarians, Flatworms, and Roundworms:
Mollusks and Annelids:
Arthropods and Insects:
Echinoderms and Invertebrate Chordates:
Overview of Vertebrates:
Module 9: Mammals and Animal Behavior
This module provides an overview of mammals covering mammalian traits, reproduction, evolution, and classification. Animal behavior is also discussed, including learning and communication, as well as migration, aggression, courtship, and mating. The students will list characteristics of mammals and describe structure and function in mammals. The students will document the reproductive structures of therian, placental, monotreme and marsupials mammals. Students will confirm the evolution and classification of mammals.
Reproduction in Mammals:
Evolution and Classification of Mammals:
Overview of Animal Behavior:
Module 10: Introduction to the Human Body: Bones, Muscles, and Skin & the Nervous and Endocrine Systems
This module covers the human body and its systems, including cells, tissues, and organs. The students will demonstrate the structures and functions of the skeletal, muscular, and integumentary systems. The students will distinguish the different types of joints and they move. Students will investigate how bones grow and develop and list the common problems that may affect bones and joints. The students will define the three types of human muscle tissue and how they move bones. The students will investigate the skin and its function and identify common skin problems. This unit also This unit covers the structures and functions of the nervous and endocrine systems. The students will assess the parts of the nervous system and their functions. The students will state how drugs affect the nervous system and recognize several nervous system disorders. The students will assess the parts of the endocrine system.
Organization of the Human Body:
The Skeletal System:
The Skeletal System:
The Muscular System:
The Integumentary System:
The Nervous System:
The Endocrine System:
Module 11: The Immune System and Disease & Human Body Systems
This module covers how the body fights diseases. The body's immune system, inflammatory response, and defenses against pathogens. Students will describe the barriers that keep most pathogens out of the human body and explain how the inflammatory response and nonspecific leukocytes help fight pathogens that enter the body. The students will explain the lymphatic system and its roles in the immune response while providing a list of steps that occur in a humoral immune response. Students will identify the roles of T cells in a cell-mediated immune response. They will define immunity, and distinguish between active and passive immunity. The students will explain why allergies occur, and how HIV is transmitted and how it causes AIDS. Students will research how carcinogens cause cancer and how cancer can be treated or prevented and explain how bioterrorism threatens human health. The module will also examine the components of the circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system, and excretory system. The students identify the structures, functions, pathways, and risk factors of the mentioned body systems.
The Immune Response:
Immune System Diseases
Environmental Problems and Human Health
The Circulatory System:
The Respiratory System:
The Digestive System
The Excretory System
Module 12: Reproduction and Human Development
This module covers the male and female reproductive systems, the reproductive life cycle, and sexually transmitted diseases. The students will generalize the male reproductive structure and function and how sperm are produced. The students will generalize the female reproductive structure and function and how eggs are produces. The students will outline the phases of the menstrual cycle. The students will paraphrase the events that occur between fertilization, embryonic stage, placenta, pregnancy and child birth. The students will explain the stages of adulthood and explain why aging occurs. The students will define what causes STIs, identify and describe three common bacterial STIs and three common viral STIs. Students will be assessed by identifying the correct structures and functions of the male and female reproductive systems.
Male Reproductive System:
Female Reproductive System:
Female Reproductive System:
From Fertilization to Old Age:
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Subject Area: Science
Prerequisite: Physical Science or equivalent